Digital Empathy

“The cognitive and emotional ability to be reflective and socially responsible while strategically using digital media” (Friesem, 2016)

 Empathic Accuracy

 “Reading’ other people’s thoughts and feeling” (Ickes, 1997, p. 2)


“A process in which the individual adopts an attitudinal stance of nonjudgment and openness toward the self” (Neff, 2003, p. 90)

 Cognitive & Emotional Empathy

“Knowing another person’s internal state, including his or her thoughts” and “feelings and coming to feel as another person feels” (Batson, 2009, p. 4-5)

 Imaginative Empathy


“The tendency to imaginatively transpose oneself into fictional situations” (Davis, 1996, P.57).

 Empathic Concern


“The underpinnings of compassion and connection in social relations” (Zahn-Waxler, Robinson & Emde, 1992, p. 1083)


Batson, C. D. (2009). These things called empathy: Eight related but distinct phenomena. In J. Decety, & W. Ickes (Eds.), The social neuroscience of empathy (pp. 3-16). Cambridge, MA: MIT press. doi:10.7551/mitpress/9780262012973.003.0002

Davis, M. H. (1996). Empathy: A social psychological approach (2nd ed.). Boulder, CO: Westview Press.


Ickes, W. J. (Ed.). (1997). Empathic accuracy. New York, NY: Guilford Press.


Neff, K. (2003). Self-compassion: An alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself.


Zahn-Waxler, C., Robinson, J. L., & Emde, R. N. (1992). The development of empathy in twins. Developmental Psychology, 28(6), 1038-1047. doi:10.1037/0012-1649.28.6.1038